Most southerly point of England
The Lizard Peninsula is known for its majestic coastline, treacherous seas and delightful sandy coves. Cornwall's first lighthouse was built on the headland in 1619 and its modern successor throws its light a distance of 29 miles. Perhaps the most spectacular cove on the Lizard peninsula is Kynance. Numerous caves and arches have been carved out of the colourful, veined Serpentine rock by the sea. At Kennack Sands the two beaches join together at low tide to form one of the longest stretches of sand on the eastern side of the Lizard. In the centre of the Lizard peninsula are the distinctive dishes of the Goonhilly Earth Satellite Station, which has an interesting visitor centre.
With the sea on three sides and the Helford River to the north the Lizard Peninsula is almost an island, a high plateau surrounded by the sea, with numerous hidden little coves and beaches. The south west coastal footpath winds its way around most of the Lizard making it popular with walkers. And the A3083 runs down through the centre of the peninsula to Lizard Village.
Little villages such as St. Martin, Porthoustock, Porthallow, St. Keverne and the safe family beaches, Kennack Sands and Coverack are all well worth a visit. Fishing boats still set sail each day from coves such as Cadgwith and Coverack where there is a sheltered bay, ideal for most water-sports. These villages once the haunt of smugglers and the occasional pirate, now attract windsurfers and divers who come to explore, the many shipwrecks around The Lizard's coastline. Lizard Village has serpentine rock gift shops clustered around village green, and The Top House, is the most southerly pub in Cornwall.
On the west coast, Porthleven is the most southerly port in mainland Britain, a harbour full of yachts and fishing boats. At Gunwalloe - Church Cove you will find a beautiful church set amongst the sand dunes. Mullion is a bustling little inland village which has shops, inns, cafes and restaurants, craft shops and art galleries, not forgetting the quaint harbour at Mullion Cove.
On the road to nearby Church Cove , the ancient church of St. Wynwallow has woodwork from the wreck of a Portuguese treasure ship.
The peninsula has been designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and as a site of special scientific interest. A large proportion is owned by the National Trust and as a result it has remained mostly unchanged and unspoilt.
Early in the spring of 2001, there was a small influx of wild choughs along the south coast of England, from Portland in Dorset to the Isles of Scilly and a group of three took up residence on the Lizard Peninsula.
The biggest rescue in the RNLI's history was on the 17th March 1907 when the 12,000 tonne liner SS 'Suevic' hit the Maenheere Reef near Lizard Point. In a strong gale and dense fog RNLI lifeboat volunteers rescued 456 passengers, including 70 babies. Crews from the Lizard, Cadgwith, Coverack and Porthleven rowed out repeatedly for 16 hours to rescue all of the people on board. Six silver RNLI medals were later awarded, two to Suevic crew members.
Originally with two lifeboat stations at Polpeor and Cadgwith, The Lizard all weather Tyne class lifeboat is now located at Kilcobben Cove. Operating for over 145 years, the crews have been presented with 12 awards for gallantry.
Cadgwith Coverack Helston Kynance Cove Lizard Lighthouse Porthallow Porthoustock Porthleven
Mullion Cove St. Keverne Trelowarren Kestle Barton Cornish Lifeboat Stations Royal Naval Air Station Culdrose
Carminowe Valley Garden Goonhilly Earth Satellite Station Marconi Visitors Centre Lizard Village Roskilly's Farm
The Coastal Footpath